Yellow firethorn

Yellow firethorn

Pyracantha angustifolia (Rosaceae)

Common Name:

Yellow firethorn

Scientific Name:

Pyracantha angustifolia (Rosaceae)


Alternative common names:

Geelbranddoring (Afrikaans)

Description:

Evergreen shrub 2-4m high with stiff, spiny branches. Young shoots are covered in thick, yellowish down and woody spines which bear leaves. Dull, dark-green leaves above and grey-downy beneath. White flowers from October to December. Orange-red or orange-yellow berries. Fruits are poisonous.

Additional Information


Where does this species come from?

South-western China

What is its invasive status in South Africa?

Existing legislation: CARA 2002 – Category 3 NEMBA – Category 1b

Where does this species come from?

South-western China

Where in South Africa is it a problem?

Gauteng and Free State

How does it spread?

Spread by seeds, hence the birds eat the fruits

Why is it a problem?

Competes with and replaces indigenous species. Dense stands are virtually impenetrable and restrict access to grazing by domestic and wild animals. Indigenous birds might neglect the dispersal of indigenous plant species in preference for the fruits of this alien species

What does it look like?

General description: Evergreen shrub 2-4m high with stiff, spiny branches.
Leaves: Young shoots are covered in thick, yellowish down and woody spines which bear leaves. Dull, dark-green leaves above and grey-downy beneath.
Flowers: White flowers from October to December.
Fruit/Seeds: Orange-red or orange-yellow berries. Fruits are poisonous

Does the plant have any uses?

Ornament, security hedging, screens on highways. Birds eat the fruits

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